The pyramids of Egypt have been fascinating Humanity since their construction 4,500 years ago; but, although they are the most studied monuments in history, they still hold important mysteries. "What are they hiding inside? How were they built? There are many speculations, but we still don't know the truth”
Giza is a town located about twenty kilometers from Cairo (Egypt) but included in its metropolitan area. Its fame comes from the plateau on the outskirts, where a funerary necropolis was built some 4,600 years ago, made up of three great pyramids (of the pharaohs Cheops, Khafre and Menkaure), the famous Sphinx, several smaller pyramids of the queens, another type of tombs (mastabas of officials and courtiers), temples today in ruins, a causeway that connected them with the Nile and the city of the artisans who worked on all of it.
The pyramids impress and fascinate in equal measure by their mere appearance. But also because they are still wrapped in a certain halo of mystery, perhaps keeping some enigmas for future generations to solve. It is something that also gives rise to a multitude of nonsense that persists over time, such as the bizarre attributions about its authorship or the outdated and puerile theories regarding its use, one of which was recently reminded of a candidate for the presidency of USA (Ben Carson, who said they were King David's barns).
Despite certain gaps, science continues to be determined to submit them to analysis and inspection under the guidelines of the most advanced current archaeology.
The Great Pyramid, the largest and oldest of the trio, ordered to be built by Pharaoh Cheops (Khufu in Egyptian) to serve as his tomb using 2,300,000 stone blocks that make it 139 meters high, has recently been subjected to a thorough analysis using infrared thermography to verify the differences in temperature that exist in the stones and thus deduce the possibility of some vacuum behind them
And the result was that the interior of that mass is not solid, although almost. There are several chambers, three of them main (those of the King, the Queen and some tunels), several passageways, ventilation channels and the Great Gallery, 47 meters long and 8 meters high. Getting around in there is not easy and some of these sites are not accessible, even less with audiovisual systems, hence the usefulness of temperature-based prospecting systems.
Comparing the analysis of the outer surface, hot from continuously receiving the sun's rays, with the inner one, it is possible to detect much colder areas that could be due to air currents. And if the air circulates, it is because there is a channel for it, indicating its more or less approximate location to the archaeologists so that they can try to open a passage to that area. Something that the Egyptian authorities are working on in collaboration with experts from National Geographic.
It is a controversial issue and not everyone agrees on one thing. In fact, other techniques are used to find more ruins that swell Egypt's heritage: infrared analysis carried out by satellites has helped locate pyramids that were buried and robots, increasingly sophisticated and versatile, can penetrate with cameras even corners that sometimes we find them impossible (one reached the Queen's Chamber in 2002). Therefore, surely the Great Pyramid still has a lot to say.
Nowadays the excavations prove that There are some chambers and rooms, both above and below ground level, generally connected by narrow corridors, which are geometrically oriented. The rooms correspond to the resting places of the pharaohs, their families and closest servants, as well as chambers with their most precious objects in the belief that they keep them there for the journey to the afterlife.
The entrances to the corridors that usually led to the rooms were almost always sealed, others were arranged vertically to facilitate the entry of light during construction works. There are corridors that end in empty rooms or are distributed in a labyrinthine fashion in order to make the job of tomb raiders a little more difficult.
Last November, the people in charge of Scanning Pyramids announced that they had discovered thermal anomalies in the Great Pyramid of Giza: zones with a very localized temperature difference of between 3 and 6 degrees.
The heat of wood is different from that of stone, so it is possible to venture the possible existence of secret chambers.
The objective of the project, of course, is to unveil once and for all the mysteries hidden in the largest of all the pyramids.
archaeologists think that The tomb of the most famous Egyptian queen might be hidden in a secret room attached to the tomb of Tutankhamun " in luxor not in pyramids. Even if we find an empty square meter somewhere, new questions and hypotheses will appear that may help answer the ultimate questions.
The necropolis of the Valley of the Kings will also be one of the main objectives for the Scientists , and it will be scanned with the same technology. Archaeologists hope to find new secret chambers and, if possible, the one that hides the body of Queen Nefertiti, whose burial remains unknown.
The archaeologist Nicholas Reeves explained in a recent study that the tomb of the most famous Egyptian queen could be hidden in a secret room attached to the tomb of Tutankhamen. The Egyptian minister himself supports Reeves's theory, since the scratches and marks present on the north and west walls of the chamber are strikingly similar to those found by Howard Carter at the entrance to the tomb.
the archaeologists plan to scan the entire Dahshur and Giza area for a 3D reconstruction of their monuments, pyramids and temples, as well as the sphinx. What secrets does Ancient
some travelers asking a lot if is it possible to go inside the pyramids. and the answer is yes. The interiors of all three pyramids of Giza are open to visitors, but each requires the purchase of a separate ticket.
No. Visitors are no longer permitted to climb the pyramids. Although tourists were once able to freely climb the pyramids, that is now illegal.
Egypt still hide? We'll find out soon: archaeologists are convinced that this year will be the year of the Pyramids.
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