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Pharaoh Tutankhamun, Tutankhamun's Tomb

Posted On : 27/02/2023 Kate Clark 50
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A brief guide to the main points that will be covered in this article:

The story of Tutankhamun: the 8-year-old young pharaoh

What was in Tutankhamun's tomb?

the curse of Tutankhamen.

The secret of Tutankhamun's death.

The story of Tutankhamun: the 8-year-old young pharaoh

Tutankhamun was born in 1334 BC, in Amarana and died when he was almost 18 years old. The ruler was the son of King Akhenaton, but there are also some theories that instead identify King Tutankhamun as the son of Amenhotep III.

Akhenaten was the heretic king who banned the cult of Amun by attempting to form a new monotheistic religion that worshiped Aten. Popular outrage around this attempted change led to Akhenaten's assassination and overthrow.

It is thought that Tutankhamun was allowed to take the throne because being so young he was easy to control. Under Tutankhamun, the ancient religious cult was restored and the capital of Akhetaten built by his father was abandoned. 

Even with regard to the mother there are ambiguities and various hypotheses, some archaeologists argue that it was Kiya. King Tut, as Tutankhamun is popularly known by his nickname, is probably the most famous figure in ancient Egyptian history, known for his tomb, KV 62, which was discovered completely intact in the Valley of the Kings in 1922.  

What was in Tutankhamun's tomb?

Tutankhamun's tomb

The discovery of the Egyptian pharaoh's tomb, intact, in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor in 1922 by Briton Howard Carter, sparked a wave of renewed interest in ancient Egypt, this event ushering in the era of modern Egyptian tourism.

Tutankhamun's tomb is the place that preserves the remains of the young pharaoh. According to various analyses, the "child pharaoh" would have died 9 years after ascending the throne, and the cause of death would be due to various diseases, justified by the presence of remains of plants with analgesic properties among the treasures found in the tomb.  

The reason for its so famous is the particularity of the sarcophagus of Tutankhamun and his tomb which was discovered in an almost totally intact state, complete with all the fabulous treasure and funerary equipment, for this reason it is one of the richest in finds and treasures .

This discovery has helped Egyptologists better understand the mummification process.

Tutankhamun's tomb is still the only royal tomb discovered in Egypt that has not previously been destroyed and looted by grave robbers, making it one of the most famous and significant archaeological discoveries of the 20th century.

Today, the contents of the tomb, including its iconic death mask, are on display in the Egyptian Museum in central Cairo.

The legend of Tutankhamun's curse

The curse that accompanies the burial refers to the set of strange circumstances by which the people involved in the find died or were involved in individual accidents. In reality, it is more of a publicity stunt, promoted at the time to magnify the mystery around the tomb of the child pharaoh and increase its charm to attract visitors. 

Tutankhamun's real name 

Tutankhamun came to power in Egypt when he was still very young, for this reason he is also called the "King child", he was made king when he was only eight or nine years old.

His first name was actually Tutankhaten, which means "the living image of Aten", but after King Akhenaten's death, Tutankhaten changed his name to Tutankhamun. 

The secret of Tutankhamun's death

The little pharaoh died when he was eighteen or nineteen, leaving no direct descendants. The body of the young ruler was probably damaged before or immediately after his death.

Until recently, Tutankhamun's early death was thought to have occurred in 1324 BC by murder; indeed due to his youth his advisors were very powerful during his reign, but new evidence suggests that he died of birth defects.

Following a recent investigation of his DNA, scientists found more than one strain of the malaria parasite, indicating that King Tut contracted many malaria infections.

DNA analysis also revealed that he was born of an incestuous relationship between his father and his aunt, which would be the cause of several chronic medical problems and deformities from which the young king suffered.

It seems that the king had to use a stick and perhaps suffered from epilepsy, he also had a slightly deformed palate and a curved spine.

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By Kate Clark

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