Mount Sinai is a particularly important and sacred destination in Islamic and Christian religion, a sacred place in Egypt. The mountain reaches a height of 2,641 meters. This mountain is located in the southern part of the Sinai peninsula, this area is considered the area that connects Asia to Africa and highly recommended for those who want to have a new experience to climb the mountains and admire the natural beauty of Egypt.
The mountain has known various names in history, including Mount Horeb, Mount Moses, in Arabic Jebel Musa. You are called Mount Moses because according to the Biblical tradition it is the place where the prophet Moses spoke with God and received the ten commandments after he spent 40 days and 40 nights there, for this reason it is a particularly spiritual place, considered sacred by the three religions monotheistic and is very famous in religious history as well as international tourists all over the world due to its amazing nature which has been represented in very high mountains with very exceptional height compared to other mountains in Egypt.
Situated near the foot of the mountain stands St. Catherine's Monastery, the oldest still active Christian monastery in the world, it is part of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
If you also want to book an excursion to Mount Sinai with our Italian speaking guide and visit the Greek Orthodox monastery of Saint Catherine, you can take a brief look at our special packages to make an unforgettable trip to Egypt in Cairo, Giza, Luxor and Aswan, Sharm El Sheikh, Marsa Alam, Sinai and many other cities to visit to discover the real Egypt in 7 or 8 days with a Nile cruise taking advantage of the 5* service on board the cruise.
Both tourists and pilgrims can hike to the top of the mountain especially in winter. Most tourists start the trek at 2am in order to get to the top during the night when it is still dark and see the breathtaking spectacle of sunrise from the summit.
The first route: For those who are fitter and more athletic, and not afraid to exercise, there is the 3750 meters of the Scala del Pentimento, excavated by a penitent monk, and this is the most direct route. Also called Steps of Penitence, they are a steeper path dotted with various votive places, including the Porta della Confessione, where once a monk listened to the confessions of pilgrims, the Porta di Santo Stefano and the spring of Moses, which flows from a small cave.
The second route: it is longer than the first route but it is not fast, people can either walk up it or ride a camel, in which case they have to walk the final 750 steps, both leading to the Greek Orthodox monastery of St. Catherine , declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other interesting sites include a basilica with a mosaic of the “transfiguration” and the monastery library where 4,500 rare written works are housed. The library is said to be second only to the Vatican in its collection of ancient manuscripts.
From the summit, it is possible to admire a splendid panorama that embraces the Gulf of Aqaba, the mountains of Africa and those of Saudi Arabia. It is truly a panoramic view that attracts the attention of any visitor who wants to explore the history and nature of the world from another side.
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